HDR students

Publication: Intimate Risks: Examining Online and Offline Abuse, Homicide Flags, and Femicide

QUT Centre for Justice HDR student, Freya McLachlan has published an article titled, “Intimate Risks: Examining Online and Offline Abuse, Homicide Flags, and Femicide” in Victims and Offenders.  This article was co-authored with Associate Professor Bridget Harris of Monash Gender and Family Violence Prevention Centre.


The relationship between technology and fatal intimate partner violence has been previously thought of as distinct and separate. This research paper suggests, however, that online abuse that is considered “spaceless” in fact is intrinsically linked to the perpetration of “real world” and fatal violence. This study examined 100 cases of intimate partner femicide to determine the frequency of technology-facilitated intimate partner violence in Queensland, Australia. Findings indicate that risk factors of intimate partner femicide, including coercive control and stalking are closely associated with technology-facilitated intimate partner violence. This suggests that technology allows offenders to enact an omnipresent violence. Implications highlight the need for future research, policy, and practice to acknowledge the interconnectedness of offline and online abuse in responding to fatal intimate partner violence.

Freya is currently completing her PhD at QUT on the topic, “Intimate Partner Femicide (IPF): Risk factors and the heterogeneity of male perpetrated IPF in Queensland.”

Freya also co-authored a QUT Centre for Justice Briefing Paper in April 2020 titled, “Predicting and assessing lethal risk in
domestic and family violence situations in Australia.”

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