The Invincible Spirit of Queenslanders (Portrayed through their built environment) – 100 Years of ANZAC

11 November (Remembrance Day) 2018 marks the 100th anniversary of the signing of the Armistice – the agreement that led to the end of the First World War (1914-1918).

The Cube at QUT Gardens Point is hosting a free digital exhibition from 2-11 November to commemorate the Queensland soldiers and families who answered the call from the British to join the First World War. It incorporates their stories and images to bring to life their journey to the front, repatriation and the return home.

There are also stories of events and places that helped to shape Queensland to be the place it is today. More information is available at http://www.thecube.qut.edu.au/cube-screens/2018/anzac.php?short.

There is also a curated display in Old Government House at Gardens Point from 11 October to 11 January 2019 and is also free. http://www.ogh.qut.edu.au/whats-on/2018/invincible-spirit.php

On the 11 November, there are events all over the country and state that you can attend to show your support. Find out more at https://anzac100.initiatives.qld.gov.au/.

QUT Libraries have a whole host of material on the First World War if you want to do your own investigations. For the school teachers among you, there are kits available to share with your classes.

Lest we forget.

The Invincible Spirit of Queenslanders - Portrayed through their built environment.

The Invincible Spirit of Queenslanders – Portrayed through their built environment

Remembrance Day

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Benalla War Memorial CC BY 2.0

Today is Remembrance Day, also known as Armistice Day. At the eleventh hour on the eleventh day of the eleventh month, we pause for a moment’s silence to remember those who have suffered and died in war.

There are very few of us whose lives have not been affected in some way by the wars of the 20th and 21st century. Either in this generation or an earlier one, there will be an event which has had consequences for you as an individual. It could have been your ancestor’s death or injury in battle, but it could equally well be related to mental and emotional trauma, forced displacement or emigration. One way or another, war and its consequences have probably shaped your life.

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Ari Burnu Cemetery overlooking ANZAC Cove [Denise Frost]

A few weeks ago, I visited Gallipoli  with my husband, who was keen to visit the grave of his great-uncle George. Dawn over the Dardenelles was beautiful. What awaited us was beautiful too – but in a profoundly heartbreaking way.

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Grave of George William Rose, Aged 19 [Denise Frost]

The Commonwealth War Graves Commission does a magnificent job of maintaining military cemeteries around the world, and Gallipoli is no exception. The WW1 Pictorial Honour Roll of Queenslanders gave us all the information we needed about George Rose, including the grave location in Ari Burnu Cemetery, a photograph and a physical description. George William Rose was 5″9′, with a fair complexion and gray eyes. He was a country boy, so he joined the 5th Light Horse.

George arrived with the reinforcements in November 1915. He lasted just nine days. He really was only nineteen, just like the song says.

In 1934, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk wrote a tribute to the Anzacs killed at Gallipoli:

Those heroes that shed their blood and lost their lives… You are now lying in the soil of a friendly country. Therefore rest in peace. There is no difference between the Johnnies and the Mehmets to us where they lie side by side here in this country of ours… You, the mothers who sent their sons from faraway countries, wipe away your tears; your sons are now lying in our bosom and are in peace. After having lost their lives on this land they have become our sons as well.

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Memorial list of the dead in a Turkish mass grave. [Denise Frost]

Yes, these are deeply moving words, but consider them in context….

The casualties were appalling – hardly surprising when you look at the hilly terrain and the almost impenetrable scrub. Furthermore, the total of 8,709 Australian deaths does not include the dreadful toll taken by diseases like typhoid and dysentery.

Turkish losses, on the other hand, are almost beyond comprehension. Estimates are close to 70,000, with some sources saying over 200,000 when illness is included. The Turkish dead were buried in mass graves, marked only by endless lists of names.

On Remembrance Day, we should remember them all, allies and enemies in so many armed conflicts – and the families they left behind.

 

 

 

 

Poppies for the Anzacs

Tower of London Poppies

‘Tower of London Poppies’ By Mark Skarratts (CC BY 2.0)

Poppies at the Tower

‘Poppies at the Tower’ By Amanda Slater (CC BY-SA- 2.0)

888,246 ceramic poppies spilling into the moat of the Tower of London, each representing a British or colonial death during the First World War. (And remember, this is only one side of the conflict!) The installation is called Blood Swept Lands and Seas of Red. It’s both beautiful and heartbreaking.

Anzac Day, 25th April, is the anniversary of the first major military action fought by Australian and New Zealand soldiers during the First World War. With the centenary of the landing at Anzac Cove (on the Gallipoli Peninsular in Turkey) coming up, here in QUT Library we’ve been crocheting, knitting and sewing poppy flowers. All the nimble-fingered have contributed – Library and Faculty colleagues, family and friends. Here’s the amazing result – more than one thousand beautiful poppies!

ANZAC poppy display in the Library

Library foyer, Kelvin Grove

ANZAC poppy display in the Library

Library entrance, Kelvin Grove

 

ANZAC poppy display in the Library

Library foyer, Kelvin Grove

ANZAC poppy display in the Library

Curriculum collection, Level 4, Kelvin Grove Library

 

To find out about more the Anzacs and the way their sacrifice is commemorated in Australia and New Zealand, click any of these –

 

 

Expanding the ANZAC story

While we take a moment on ANZAC Day to remember those who sacrificed for their country, let’s make sure we don’t forget ALL those who contributed.

Why not complement the more traditional ceremonies by learning more about the Indigenous contribution to our defense at home and overseas. Reconciliation Australia has some excellent information and suggestions to commemorate ANZAC Day. Or experience history live and in person at Black Diggers, a new play directed by Wesley Enoch and written by Tom Wright. Opening in September as part of the Brisbane Festival.

Find out more about Indigenous Australians at war through a fascinating collection of photos and other resources provided by the Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders Studies. Some items included are available right now from QUT Library including Defending whose country?: indigenous soldiers in the Pacific war  by Noah Riseman and Indigenous service: investigating the wartime experiences of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people from the First World War to the present: a resource for primary schools by Jennet Cole-Adams and Judy Gauld.

If you are at QUT Library at 11 a.m. this ANZAC Day please join us for a minute of silence to honour all the diggers.