Love Data Week Guest blogger: Barriers to open data sharing

The 2014 Ebola outbreak mobilized groups of researchers across the world to sequence viral genomes and share data providing information crucial to “designing effective diagnostics, vaccines and antibody-based therapies” [1].  However uncertainties around ownership of data, intellectual property rights, patient consent and poor management of data all make access to the source of truth very difficult and often essential data is not available to research community working on epidemics.    QUT PhD candidate Anisa Rowhani-Farid, from the School of Public Health and Social Work, discusses some of these barriers to open data sharing in her guest blog today. 

[1]    Yozwiak, N. L., Schaffner, S. F., Sabeti, P. C.: Data sharing: Make outbreak research open access. Nature, 2015, 518:477–479, doi:10.1038/518477a

My desire to pursue research in this field began when I was a junior bench scientist some 10 years ago, conducting anti-malarial drug research. I was confronted with the commercial aspect of scientific research.  I learned about the institutional arrangements between industry, academia, the community, or “consumers”.  I also learned about how intellectual property, patents, and funding arrangements play a critical yet limiting role in contributing to the advancement of scientific knowledge.

Anisa Rowhani-Farid

PhD Candidate Anisa Rowhani-Farid

It became clear to me that scientific research is driven and, more often than not, pressured by the funding available from government and industry, and that these relationships are primarily based on the conception that scientific knowledge is generated through research that views knowledge as a commodity, distributed at a cost to other researchers and most importantly, populations that might need open access to that knowledge.

As I read more, I wondered what happened to all the public money that was spent on health and medical research. I read Chalmers and Glasziou’s (2009) paper on research waste, as well as the series that was published in the Lancet in 2014 called ‘Research: increasing value, reducing waste’.  I learned that around 85% of the world’s spending on health and medical research is wasted per year, and a contributing factor was that the findings of medical studies cannot be reproduced by other researchers and so seemingly successful medical breakthroughs are thus unverifiable [1, 2]. This reproducibility crisis in health and medical research made me think of the way in which scientific knowledge progresses.  I was fascinated by the paper written by John Ioannidis in 2005 where he concluded through simulations that most published findings in the scientific discourse are false and misleading [3, 4].

If most of what is claimed in the scientific literature is false, and if scientists are adopting malpractices because of the pressure to commercialise so-called ‘medical breakthroughs’, then how deep will the cultural change have to be for scientists to conduct high-quality research with integrity, and share all their findings, positive or negative? This question has motivated my doctorate of philosophy.

  1. Chalmers I, Glasziou P: Avoidable waste in the production and reporting of research evidence. The Lancet 2009, 374(9683):86-89.
  2. Chalmers I, Bracken M, Djulbegovic B, Garattini S, Grant J, Gülmezoglu M, Howells D, Ioannidis J, Oliver S: How to increase value and reduce waste when research priorities are set. The Lancet 2014, 383(9912):156-165.
  3. Ioannidis J: How to Make More Published Research True. PLoS Med 2014, 11(10):e1001747.
  4. Ioannidis JPA: Why Most Published Research Findings Are False. PLOS Medicine 2005, 2(8):e124.

Watch this video (YouTube 2m8s) from Anisa Rowhani-Farid and follow her @AnisaFarid on Twitter.

Anisa Rowhani-Farid (YouTube video, 2m8s)If you’re a researcher, we’d love to hear from you.  Leave a comment below on your data story.

Visit the Love Data Week blog each day for stories, resources and activities and if you would like to join the conversation via Twitter #lovedata18 #qutlibrary

 

Love Data Week 2018

It’s Love Data Week!

From the 12th to the 16th of February, along with other academic and research libraries, data archives and organisations, QUT Library is celebrating the value and importance of research data, which we believe are the foundation of the scholarly record and crucial for advancing our knowledge of the world around us.

The theme for the 2018 social media event is ‘data stories’ including :

Stories about data
Telling stories with data
Connected conversations
We are data

Anisa Rowhani-Farid, from the School of Public Health and Social Work, Faculty of Health who’s completing a PhD Towards a culture of open science and data sharing in health and medical research at QUT has this to say about data and reproducible science:

Efforts are underway by the global meta-research community to strengthen the reliability of the scientific method [1].  Data sharing is an indispensable part of the movement towards science that is open; where scientific truth is not a questionable commodity, but is easily accessible, replicable, and verifiable [2].  The cultural shift towards reproducible science is complex and it calls for a twofold change in the attitudes of individual researchers toward reproducibility, and the leadership provided by the systems and services that support scientific research.  As such, journals, universities, government bodies, and funders are key players in promoting this culture.  Transparency and reproducibility are elements central to strengthening the scientific method, and data provides the key to scientific truth [3].”

 

  1. Ioannidis JPA, Fanelli D, Dunne DD, Goodman SN: Meta-research: Evaluation and Improvement of Research Methods and Practices. PLoS Biol 2015, 13(10):e1002264.
  2. Reproducibility and reliability of biomedical research: improving research practice. In.: The Academy of Medical Sciences; 2015.
  3. Iqbal SA, Wallach JD, Khoury MJ, Schully SD, Ioannidis JPA: Reproducible Research Practices and Transparency across the Biomedical Literature. PLoS Biol 2016, 14(1):e1002333.

If you’re a researcher, leave a comment below on your data story.

Visit the Love Data Week blog each day for stories, resources and activities and if you would like to join the conversation via Twitter #lovedata18  @qutlibrary

Go for gold!

The Winter Olympics start this week, the same as Orientation Week here at QUT. What a coincidence! Just like the Winter Olympians, to succeed at university you must prepare and work hard. QUT Library is offering several Library 101 workshops so you can prepare yourself for the upcoming semester. Practice your referencing, polish your searching skills and discover all of the services and resources available at QUT Library.

If you are aiming for a gold medal this semester, you can also have a look at study skills workshops and library tours. These will help you develop your study skills and, you guessed it, prepare yourself for getting the most out of your classes and assignments.

Preparing for university, and the Olympics, also means thinking about your health and wellbeing. QUT Library’s video streaming service, Kanopy, has over 300 videos related to sport and fitness. Plus you can watch Dr. Anna Baranowsky explain How to create a wellness mind map or find The Secret of Life Wellness.

You can also contact HiQ to get assistance as you (just like the Winter Olympians!) strive for gold this semester!

You Go Geek Girl!

Today is the International Day of Women and Girls in Science.

A little over two years ago,  in a bid to achieve full and equal access to and participation in science for women and girls and further achieve gender equality and the empowerment of women and girls, the United Nations General Assembly adopted resolution A/RES/70/212 declaring 11 February as the International Day of Women and Girls in Science.

QUT Library proudly supports this day and to celebrate we’ve put together a few nice reads and some films to watch to get your Geek Girl on.

READ…

If you’re looking for a new squad, check out Leslie Simon’s Geek girls unite: how fangirls, bookworms, indie chicks, and other misfits are taking over the world.  With illustrations by Nan Lawson.

If you’ve got a thing for young adult literature, or a budding geek girl in your life, you might try the bestselling and award winning Geek Girl series by Holly Smale.

It was a book before it was a movie!  Hidden Figures:  The American dream and the untold story of the Black women mathematicians who helped win the space race by Margot Lee Shetterly.

Ladies in the laboratory III: South African, Australian, New Zealand, and Canadian women in science, nineteenth and early twentieth centuries : a survey of their contributions  The women whose lives and work are discussed here range from natural history collectors and scientific illustrators of the early and mid-years of the 19th century to the first generation of graduates of the new colonial colleges and universities, by Mary R S Creese.

 

 

Academic Women in STEM Faculty: Views  beyond a decade after POWRE  This eBook looks at the major issues facing successful women in academic science, by Sue Rosser.

WATCH…

The Hidden Figures DVD:  As the US raced against Russia to put a man in space, NASA found untapped talent in a group of African-American female mathematicians that served as the brains behind one of the greatest operations in U.S. history. Dorothy Vaughan, Mary Jackson, and Katherine Johnson crossed all gender, race, and professional lines while their brilliance and desire to dream big in this 2016 movie.

These short and inspiring videos from the United Nations:

The story of Katherine Jin a young female scientist, her initial struggle to take part in science, and how her invention helps safeguard health workers. YouTube 3.53min.

Technology empowering women – Why the world needs women in technology – Atefeh Riaiazi YouTube 2.56min

 

 

 

Key technology tools for your IT Business Research

10 years ago when the iPhone was launched, the era of smartphones were just dawning. In 2005 most people received their news via radio, TV or Blackberries. Today most of us look first to our smart phones for information and if our phone is not to hand, we are at a loss and wonder what is going on in the world.

Those who analyse business trends love the Wayne Gretzky (Ice Hockey player) quote and Steve Jobs, at the end of the original iPhone launch couldn’t resist either: “Skate to where the puck is going to be, not where it has been”.

Indeed the holy grail of business analysis is predicting the path innovation will take and the speed at which it will move.

Sometimes it is a case of blink and technology overtakes you. (Just ask Nokia 🙂 )

So how to obtain a bleeding edge insight into today’s technology to predict future innovation trends?

Gartner has tools to frame information into visually concise evidence of current market conditions and future directions.

Gartner’s hype cycles graphically display the lifecycle of a technology and provides reference points as to where each company is located within that lifecycle.Use hype cycles to remove the hysteria of a technology’s popular value and instead discover its true commercial potential.

Gartner’s Magic Quadrants are visualization tools based on research, which positions companies within their market place and aligns them with their competitors.

Use Magic Quadrants to get quickly educated about a market’s technology providers, their competitive positioning and the strategies they are using to via for end-user business.

For more help contact HiQ

 

Game, Set and Match!

As Summer Semester comes to an end, everyone at QUT Library is getting set for Semester 1.

Why not warm up for Semester 1 with a Library 101 workshop?

You’ll discover the services and resources you can access at QUT Library. Learn the basics of navigating the Library website, managing your Readings, finding information and referencing.

Bookings for Library 101 are open now! So why not give Semester 1 your best shot?

You can also visit the QUT Library website for our current opening hours or if you Need help?

Australia Day Opening Hours

HiQ and QUT Library will be open on the Australia Day Public Holiday this Friday.

Gardens Point Library will be open 9am to 5pm and Kelvin Grove Library will be open 1pm to 5pm. QUT Law Library will be closed for Australia Day, while Online Chat will be available from 9am to 5pm. For more information please see our opening hours.

Looking for something to do this Australia Day?

You might like to explore QUT Library’s broad selection of ebooks and online videos while you relax and enjoy this public holiday.

If you’re feeling more studious, you might prefer to brush up on your software and skills in IT, design and business with QUT Library’s subscription to Lynda.com. This database provides online training videos and tutorials on course topics including office applications, 3D animation, audio engineering, CAD, software development, photography, video editing, and web design.

Christmas Break & the Library

Christmas and New Year are just around the corner. From the 23rd December until the 1st of January QUT Library is having a Christmas break and will be closed. But even though our libraries at Caboolture, Kelvin Grove and Gardens Point will be closed during this time you can still access many library resources online.

If you need to do some research, jump on the Library’s Website and search through Quickfind. Or search a database for your subject area by selecting looking under Databases and specialised search tools.

Not sure how to find the information you need? Have a look at our handy how to find guides to find the right database or website for your research.  You can also find online videos to watch at home and see what eBooks you can read right from the comfort of your home or at the beach!

And if you need further assistance, HiQ’s Contact Center will be available at the following times –

23 December – 31 December open 10am – 2pm

This excludes 25 & 26 December and the 1st January Public Holidays when HiQ are closed.

HiQ Service Points at Kelvin Grove Library & Gardens Point Library will be back in action on the 2nd January. Until then, from all of QUT Library, we hope you have a safe and happy holiday!

Winners of the SAGE Higher Degree Research Student Publication Prize Announced

A paper on the topography of the dragonfly wing has taken out first place in the SAGE Higher Degree Research Student Publication Prize. Chaturanga Bandara was awarded first prize and $1500 for his article, Bactericidal Effects of Natural Nanotopography of Dragonfly Wing on Escherichia coli, published in ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces.

(L to R: Onur Bas, Chaturanga Bandara, Anna Worthy)

The SAGE Higher Degree Research Student Publication Prize was awarded to a Higher Degree Research (HDR) student, who was the lead author on a paper published in a peer reviewed journal with a Q1 or Q2 ranking in Scimago. A panel of six judges, three academics and three librarians, evaluated the submissions on originality and readability (writing style and clarity). QUT Library Research Support Manager, Stephanie Bradbury, said that the calibre of entrants to the competition was extremely impressive, and that Chaturanga was the unanimous choice of the judging panel. Second place and $900 was awarded to Onur Bas for his paper, An Integrated Design, Material, and Fabrication Platform for Engineering Biomechanically and Biologically Functional Soft Tissues. Anna Worthy was awarded third place and received $500 for her paper, Atomic resolution of structural changes in elastic crystals of copper(II) acetylacetonate, published in Nature Chemistry.

The awards were presented to the winners on Monday 11 December by Scholarly Communications Librarian, Paula Callan. QUT Library would like to thank SAGE for sponsoring the Higher Degree Research Student Publication Prize.

 

 

 

Tom’s Christmas Reading Recommendation

We have said it a few times recently that QUT Library has a whole bunch of Christmas movies and books to get you into the holiday spirit. And it’s still true! Here is another recommendation from Tom to get you inspired to read something festive.

A Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens – available to borrow from QUT Library in print or as an audiobook or eBook

“Marley was dead: to begin with.”

The opening line to possibly the most famous Christmas story of all time is a classic, and one many of us have heard countless times since we were old enough to remember Christmas.  The number of movies, plays, TV episodes, and re-interpretations that have adapted one of Dickens’ most famous stories is immense.  The story, trials, and morals that follow shrewd businessman Ebenezer Scrooge are so ingrained into modern popular culture that there is no point restating the plot here.  Many people are familiar with the tale but how many have actually read the original?  I’m a little ashamed to admit that I did not read A Christmas Carol until well into my twenties.  In fact I’d never read any Dickens.  I was expecting something old and stuffy, written in a style of English that would be difficult for me to comprehend.   But it turns out that Dickens is a master of 19th Century sass.  He spends the first few pages slyly pulling apart the common phrase ‘as dead as door-nail’, feeling that coffin nails should be considered the most deceased types of iron. He has such a wonderful way with words and style, and the rhythm of language that you feel compelled to be drawn along by his prose.  The original novella is such an important part of our current culture of Christmas, and everyone should spend some quality time with it.

What’s your favourite Christmas movie, TV show or book? We want to know! Find us on Facebook, Instagram on Twitter or leave a comment on this blog!