Crime and Justice Research Centre Seminar Series – : Women and the Organisation of Serious Crime and Gain with Professor Liz Campbell

Crime and Justice Research Centre Seminar Series with speaker Professor Liz Campbell
Topic: Women and the Organisation of Serious Crime and Gain

Date:         Friday 22 September 2017
When:       3.30pm – 5.00pm
Venue:      C Block, level 4, room C412,
QUT Gardens Point Campus,
2 George Street, Brisbane

Register:  by Thursday 21 September 2017
by accepting calendar invitation or emailing

Further information can be found in the following link:

Crime and Justice Research Centre Seminar Series

with speaker Professor Liz Campbell




Molly Dragiewicz speaking at European Conference on Domestic Violence


Associate Professor Molly Dragiewicz from Crime and Justice Research Centre at Queensland University of Technology will speak at the II European Conference on Domestic Violence in Porto, Portugal on 8 September 2017. Read more

Algorithmic transparency in online censorship

Crime and Justice Research Centre Member Dr Monique Mann, along with QUT Law Professor Matthew Rimmer, spoke to Renegade Inc about the issue of algorithmic transparency in online censorship and the regulation of automated decision-making by technology giants.

Renegade Inc. is an independent knowledge platform for people who think differently. They find thinkers, writers, leaders and creators in search of the best new ideas, businesses and policies. Many more people are now questioning the conventional wisdom of modern life and asking a simple question: How do I live well during the age of uncertainty? Renegade Inc. was founded to answer some of those questions.

——————————————————————————————————————–Dr Monique Mann, researcher at Queensland University of Technology’s Crime and Justice Research Centre, and Director of Australian Privacy Foundation told Renegade Inc that these issues of censorship relate to broader issues around bias in computer systems.

“These decisions aren’t being made by formal enforcement bodies, or any kind of body with authorised legal powers,” she said. “This process is occurring by transnational companies and platforms, these tech giants are acting like big regulators.”

Dr Mann says these instances of censorship by algorithm raises questions over trade secrets and proprietary rights.

“These trade secrets and algorithms are how they operate,” she said. “But they introduce additional challenges and barriers to transparency and accountability of algorithms, themselves protected under international property law.”

Hypothetically Google is applying a colour-blind algorithm. Dr Mann says the question is over what happens when algorithms are built by “digital duopolies” to match societal expectations.

“Google is deciding what is an acceptable story, and what is unacceptable, whose views and voices are preferenced, and whose are silenced,” she said. “There is no transparency and accountability. These companies are protected by very serious financial investments and fields of law.”

Dr Monique Mann told Renegade Inc that there has been a suggestion that some tweets made by President Trump violate Twitter’s terms of service, because they contain hate-speech that targets certain groups and minority populations: particularly Muslims and the LGBTQI community given his recent attempt to enact a Muslim ban and deny health care to LGBTQI servicemen, women and those who identify as neither, or have them thrown out of the service altogether.

“But are Twitter likely to block Trump for violating its terms of service?,” she asked. “These are all very loaded and difficult decisions around what constitutes hate speech vs political expression. These are very contested issues and I do not think there are any easy answers here.”

A battle for the heart and soul of the web

Dr Matthew Rimmer, Professor of IP and Innovation Law and Queensland University of Technology told Renegade Inc that how these companies manage information is becoming increasingly important.

“Their duties and responsibilities are becoming quite significant,” he said. “There is a battle for the heart and soul of the internet in many ways.”

“Tim Berners Lee, (computer scientist and inventor of the World Wide Web), commented recently that the open system he helped create has come under threat from various corporate players who have enacted site blocking and surveillance. He said it is important to address the balance away from big IT companies and other corporations and national governments. He wants to recover the emancipatory potential of the internet and World Wide Web. There are some larger questions involved in terms of the future evolution of the regime.”

Dr Mann said that automation through algorithm is ‘falling into a trap’ that is not going to find us any easy answers.

“These processes and the way they operate create a range of additional problems,” she said. “I don’t think technology in this situation is going to be the panacea for social issues.”

To read the full article, click here:



Responding to domestic and family violence in the digital age – NSW Legal Aid

Women’s Domestic Violence Court Advocacy Program held a forum about Responding to Domestic and Family Violence in the Digital Age on 2 August 2017.

CJRC’s Bridget Harris was invited to present at this forum on the topic of Technology Facilitated Abuse in Rural and Regional Areas.

For information regarding Bridget’s presentation please contact

QUT Robotronica Event – Robotics, Ethics and Law Enforcement

Crime and Justice Research Centre member Dr Monique Mann will be speaking on a panel at QUT’s Robotronica event this Sunday the 20th of August. The panel will consider the topic of Robotics, Ethics and Law Enforcement.

Robotic technologies are being used globally to do what humans find too difficult, tedious, dangerous, or beyond our capacity. But the use of robots to deliver law enforcement raises new concerns, and has given rise to intense ethical debates about when and how robots are deployed by police for this purpose.
Professor Matthew Rimmer (QUT) leads this discussion, in conversation with Dr Monique Mann (QUT), Associate Professor James Mullins (Deakin University) and Acting Superintendent Brad Wright (Queensland Police Services), to consider the implications of remote-controlled, fully autonomous and semi-autonomous robots as law enforcers, the types of considerations needed to ensure safe practices, and whether anxieties surrounding robotics in policing are grounded in truth or fiction.
Further information about the event and details on how to register can be found at this link:

Police recruits and perceptions of trust in diverse groups

The following article was recently published in Police Practice and Research:  An International Journal by Toby Miles-Johnson and Sharon Pickering

A link to the full article can be found here:
Miles-Johnson, T., & Pickering, S. (2017). Police recruits and perceptions of trust in diverse groups. Police Practice and Research: An International Journal
DOI: 10.1080/15614263.2017.1364162


The tenth Workshop on the Social Implications of National Security (SINS17)

Crime and Justice Research Centre member Dr Monique Mann co-convened with Professor Katina Michael (University of Wollongong), Dr Rob Nicholls (UNSW), and Mr Peter Leonard (Gilbert and Tobin) the tenth Workshop on the Social Implications of National Security on the topic of RegTech and Biometrics. The workshop consisted of representative voices from government, industry, civil society and academe. This year’s presenters included John Kendall from Unisys, Rustom Kanga from iOmniscient, Philip Green QLD Privacy Commissioner, and Elizabeth Tydd NSW Information Commissioner and Open Data Advocate.

Dr Mann presented on the topic on ‘Biometrics, Crime and Security: Facial recognition, behavioural profiling and deception detection at the border.’ This presentation promoted her forthcoming Routledge monograph on ‘Biometrics, Crime and Security’ co-authored by Marcus Smith (Charles Sturt University), Monique Mann (Queensland University of Technology) and Gregor Urbas (University of Canberra), due to be published early 2018.


Each and every person confronted with international travel will face the prospect of his or her biometric information being collected either via CCTV, an e-Smart Gate or a fingerprint scanner. The International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) has selected facial recognition as the global standard for interoperable biometric passports and there have been moves in Australia towards passport free travel requiring travellers to present only their face at border control. Instead of comparing a face with a facial template stored in an ePassport, the face would be compared against a facial template stored within the Australian Passport Office’s database.
Looking internationally there has been a steady expansion of the use of face recognition technology for border control. In the UK British Airways uses facial recognition scanning at security screening enabling travellers to board planes without the requirement of showing identification documentation. US Customs and Border Protection have been using facial recognition since 2015, with trials expanding initially from Washington to New York airports. More recently there have been proposals for US Customs and Border Protection agents to use drones equipped with facial recognition technology to monitor the border with Mexico. There have been suggestions that US Customs and Border Protection will commence a program known as ‘Biometric Exit’ that scans the faces of individuals departing the US to verify who has left the US, and therefore be able to identify those who overstay their visas.
New technologies are being developed that combine facial recognition with emotion recognition and other second-generation biometrics to identify threats and detect deception. Police have historically used the polygraph for lie detection, however a modern alternative is evolving in the form of the Automated Virtual Agent for Truth Assessments in Real-Time (AVATAR), currently being developed by the University of Arizona and US Customs and Border Protection. An automated robotic border agent asks questions while assessing biometric information such as facial expressions, voice intonation and inflection to detect deception. A combination of this technology with predictive questioning and access to large and ever expanding databases enables robot-enhanced interrogation at the border.  Further, the US Department of Homeland Security is developing Future Attribute Screening Technology (FAST) to collect somatic indicators of stress and anxiety to supposedly detect hostile intentions in public spaces.
These automated systems of identification and deception detection have the potential to remove humans from decision-making processes associated with border control. There are a number of concerns about the implementation these technologies, particularly in light of the significant expansion in the collection and storage of personal data coupled with diminishing opportunities for individuals to opt out, and little, if any, limits on data collection and use by border control agents. There are further concerns about an individual’s right to silence, privilege not to self-incriminate and the parameters of legitimate search. This paper foreshadows emerging developments that concern the use of biometrics at the border and in doing so considers associated privacy and human rights implications and regulatory prospects and protections.
Full program proceedings and presentations can be found at this link:

Examining access to justice for those with an enduring power of attorney who are suffering financial abuse

ACHLR/CJRC and ADA Australia
Public Forum

Topic: Examining access to justice for those with an enduring power of attorney who are suffering financial abuse

Please join members of the Australian Centre for Health Law Research, Crime and Justice Research Centre and ADA Australia for light refreshments in QUT’s Gibson Room followed by the forum.

Date:         Wednesday 30 August 2017
When:       5.00pm light refreshments followed
by a 5.15pm – 7.00pm forum
Venue:      The Gibson Room, Level 10, Z Block,
QUT Gardens Point Campus,
2 George Street, Brisbane

Further details about the event, including how to register, are in the attached link.



International Journal for Crime, Justice and Social Democracy ranked top for Law for Australia

The International Journal for Crime, Justice and Social Democracy  has been ranked by Scopus as the top Law journal in Australia. The journal has been steadily growing in international stature and recognition with over a quarter of a million downloads from all over the world. It only just became eligible for ranking.

It is extremely gratifying to be ranked in Q2 (second quartile) by Scopus for Journal Quality, a not insignificant feat for a new journal from the global south, given the way this data base is skewed towards journals from the English speaking countries of the global north.

Moreover, within Australia the Journal is ranked as number 1 for all Law journals included the Scopus data base. The editors wish to acknowledge the hard work on the International Editorial Board  and dedicated authors in achieving this international level of success. For details on how to submit click here

For ranking details click here.

The Editors

Professors Kerry Carrington and John Scott

Assistant Editor

Dr Kelly Richards